Toxic Plants

The garden is a wonderful place for you and your dog to relax. But this happy place can also be a dangerous place for your four legged friend. When asking for examples of dangerous things for dogs around the garden, most people will think of a hole in the fence or a pond or pool. But one of the most dangerous things is often underestimated… Plants.

facebook.com-kim.tsja 2

Dogs are very inquisitive. Sniffing, smelling, and tasting anything in sight is natural behavior for a dog. For that reason, we commonly see dogs ingest items that are not their food and at times can be very dangerous poisons. There are two major areas where such dangers may occur: inside the house, and outside of it.

Jessica Sue Robinson

As stated before the dangers of toxic plants is heavily underestimated. If you are a dog owner, know what plants you should keep your dog away from when walking outside and make sure to check the garden for any toxic plants. If you think that your animal has been poisoned contact your local veterinarian a.s.a.p.  When you know your dog ate a plant or flower make sure to tell the veterinarian the name of the plant/flower and if you do not know the name try to bring a sample with you.

facebook.com-sarah.wyrick
Most dogs will never bother to eat plants or flowers but even when your dog does not have an appetite for plants you have to be aware of the danger as a dogowner. A dog that never ate plants his whole life can suddenly begin to try eating them when having a stomach ache for example. Also puppies are known to chew on anything including plants.

 

 

List of Toxic Plants

 

More than 700 plants have been identified as producing toxic substances in sufficient amounts to cause harmful effects in animals. Poisonous plants produce a variety of toxic substances and cause reactions ranging from a light skin irritation or mild nausea to strokes or even death.

This list of toxic plants describes the most common and most toxic plants and mushrooms as seen inside the house, in the garden and in nature. You will have to take into account that most plants come in various shapes, sizes and colours, so the plants in your garden might look very different from the examples shown in the photo. Use the search functionality in this blog to check all plant names for toxicity.

 

Adam and Eve

Common Names: Arum, Lord-and-Ladies, Wake Robin, Starch Root, Bobbins, Cuckoo Plant
Scientific Name: Arum maculatum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms:Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Adam and Eve plant

Alocasia

Common Names: Elephant’s Ear
Scientific Name: Alocasia
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

elephants ear

Aloe 

Scientific Name: Aloe vera
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change in urine color.

aloe vera

Amaryllis

Common Names: Belladonna lily, Saint Joseph lily, Cape Belladonna, Naked Lady
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms: vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, anorexia, tremors
amaryllis 2

Ambrosia Mexicana

Common Names: Jerusalem Oak, Feather Geranium
Scientific Name: Chenopodium botrys
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, anorexia, lethargic

Chenopodium botrys

 

American Bittersweet

Common Names: Bittersweet, Waxwork, Shrubby Bittersweet, False Bittersweet, Climbing Bittersweet
Scientific Name: Celastrus scandens
Family: Celastraceae
Symptoms: weakness, convulsions, gastroenteritis, vomiting, diarrhea

Celastrus scandens

 

American Holly

Common Names: English Holly, European Holly, Oregon Holly, Inkberry, Winterberry
Scientific Name: Ilex opaca
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea and depression. Leaves and berries are low toxicity

Ilex opaca

American Mandrake

Common Names: Mayapple, Indian Apple Root, Umbrella Leaf, Wild Lemon, Hog Apple, Duck’s Foot, Raccoonberry
Scientific Name: Podophyllum peltatum
Family: Berberidaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, panting, redness of the skin, skin ulcers

Podophyllum peltatum

American Yew

Scientific Name: Taxus canidensus
Family: Taxaceae
Symptoms: Tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, seizures, sudden death from acute heart failure

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

 

Andromeda Japonica

Common Names: Pieris, Lily of the Valley Bush
Scientific Name: Pieris japonica
Family: Ericaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, cardiovascular collapse and death. Ingestion of a few leaves can cause serious problems

Pieris japonica

Angelica Tree

Common Names: Hercules’ Club, Devil’s Walking Stick, Prickly Ash, Prickly Elder
Scientific Name: Aralia spinosa
Family: Araliaceae
Symptoms: Skin and oral irritation, hypersalivation, vomiting, diarrhea

Aralia spinosa

 

Apple

Common Names: Includes crabapples
Scientific Name: Malus sylvestrus
Family: Rosaceae
Symptoms: Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting: brick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, shock

Malus sylvestris

 

Apricot

Common Names: Group also includes Plum, Peach, Cherry
Scientific Name: Prunus armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae
Symptoms: Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting: brick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, shock

Prunus armeniaca

Arrow-Head Vine

Common Names: Nephthytis, Green Gold Naphthysis, African Evergreen, Trileaf Wonder
Scientific Name: Syngonium podophyllum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Syngonium podophyllum

 

Arum

Common Names: Cuckoo-pint, Lord-and-Ladies, Adam-and-Eve, Starch Root, Bobbins, Wake Robin
Scientific Name: Arum maculatum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Arum maculatum

Arum Lily

Common Names: Calla Lily, Pig Lily, White Arum, Trumpet Lily, Florist’s Calla, Garden Calla
Scientific Name: Zantedeschia aethiopica
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Zantedeschia aethiopica

 

Asparagus Fern

Common Names: Asparagus, Emerald Feather, Emerald Fern, Sprengeri Fern, Plumosa Fern, Lace Fern, Racemose Asparagus, Shatavari
Scientific Name: Asparagus densiflorus cv sprengeri
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: allergic dermatitis with repeated dermal exposure. Berry ingestion could result in gastric upset, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea

Asparagus densiflorus 2

Australian Ivy Palm

Common Names: Schefflera, Umbrella Tree, Octopus Tree, Starleaf
Scientific Name: Brassaia actinophylla
Family: Araliaceae
Symptoms: While this plant does contain potentially toxic substances, the most common effects seen are mild vomiting and diarrhea

Australian Nut

Common Names: Macadamia Nut, Queensland Nut
Scientific Name: Macadamia integrifolia
Family: Proteaceae
Symptoms: Depression, hyperthermia, weakness, muscular stiffness, vomiting, tremors, increased heartrate. Only reported in dogs at this time

Macadamia integrifolia

Australian Pine

Common Names: Norfolk Pine, House Pine, Norfolk Island Pine
Scientific Name: Araucaria heterophylla
Family: Araucariaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, depression

Araucaria heterophylla

Autumn Crocus

Common Names: Meadow Saffron
Scientific Name: Colchicum autumnale
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: oral irritation, bloody vomiting, diarrhea, shock, multi-organ damage, bone marrow suppression

Colchicum autumnale

Azalea

Common Names: Rosebay, Rhododendron
Scientific Name: Rhododendron
Family: Ericaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, hypotension, CNS depression, cardiovascular collapse and death. Ingestion of a few leaves can cause serious problems. The toxic principle interferes with normal skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle and nerve function. Clinical effects typically occur within a few hours after ingestion, and can include acute digestive upset, excessive drooling, loss of appetite, frequent bowel movements/diarrhea, colic, depression, weakness, loss of coordination, stupor, leg paralysis, weak heart rate, coma or even death

Rhododendron

 

Baby Doll Ti Plant

Common Names: Ti-Plant, Good-Luck Plant, Hawaiian Ti Plant
Scientific Name: Cordyline terminalis
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting (occasionally with blood)

Cordyline terminalis

Baby’s Breath

Common Names: Maidens Breath
Scientific Name: Gypsophila elegans
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea

Gypsophila elegans

Barbados Aloe

Common Names: Medicine Plant, True Aloe
Scientific Name: Aloe barbadensis
Family: Aloaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, change in urine color (red)

Aloe barbadensis

Barbados Pride

Common Names: Peacock Flower, Dwarf Poinciana
Scientific Name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Family: Peas
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Barbados Pride 2

Common Names: Bird of Paradise, Poinciana, Brazilwood
Scientific Name: Poinciana gilliesii
Family: Leguminosae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty swallowing and incoordination is possible. Deaths in rabbits have been reported

Poinciana gilliesii

Bay Laurel

Common Names: Sweet Bag, Bay Tree, Tree Laurel, Laurel Tree, Laurel
Scientific Name: Laurus nobilis
Family: Laurus nobilis
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea, Large ingestion of whole leaves can cause obstruction

Laurus nobilis

Bead Tree

Common Names: China Ball Tree, Paradise Tree, Persian Lilac, White Cedar, Japanese Bead Tree, Texas Umbrella Tree, Pride-of-India, Chinaberry Tree
Scientific Name: Melia azedarach
Family: Meliaceae
Symptoms: Diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, and seizures. The berries are the most toxic but the bark, leaves, and flowers are also toxic

Begonia

Scientific Name: Begonia spp.
Family: Begoniaceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing. Tubers are the most toxic

Begonia

Bergamot Orange
Common Names: Bergamot, Citrus bergamia
Scientific Name: Citrus Aurantium
Family: Rutaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photosensitivity

Bird’s Tongue Flower

Common Names: Bird of Paradise Flower, Crane Flower
Scientific Name: Strelitzia reginae
Family: Strelitziaceae
Symptoms: Mild nausea, vomiting, drowsiness; caused mainly by fruit and seeds. Should not be confused with Bird of Paradise which is more toxic

Strelitzia reginae

Bishop’s Weed

Common Names: Greater Ammi, False Queen Anne’s Lace
Scientific Name: Ammi majus
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Ammi majus

Bitter Root

Common Names: Dogbane Hemp, Indian Hemp
Scientific Name: Apocynum androsaemifolium
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: Diarrhea sometimes with blood, slow heart rate, weakness

Black Calla

Common Names: Solomon’s Lily, Wild Calla, Wild Arum
Scientific Name: Arum palestinum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

 

Black Laurel

Common Names: Dog Hobble, Dog Laurel, Fetter Bush, Sierra Laurel
Scientific Name: Leucothoe davisiae
Family: Ericaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, death. Ingestion of a few leaves can cause serious problems

Leucothoe davisiae

 

Black Nightshade

Common Names: Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade
Scientific Name: Solanum nigrum
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: Hypersalivation, inappetence, severe gastrointestinal upset, diarrhea, drowsiness, confusion, behavioral change, weakness, dilated pupils, slow heart rate

Solanum nigrum

 

Black Walnut

Scientific Name: Juglans nigra
Family: Juglandaceae
Symptoms: moldy nuts can grow molds that cause tremors and seizures. Onset of clinical signs as early as 8 hours after exposure to bedding; signs can include fluid build up in the legs, laminitis, increased heart and respiratory rate, increased body temperature, mild colic

Juglandaceae

 

 

Borage

Common Names: Starflower
Scientific Name: Borage officinalis
Family: Boraginceae
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Borage officinalis

 

Boxwood

Scientific Name: Buxus
Family: Buxaceae
Symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea

Buxaceae

Branching Ivy

Common Names: English Ivy, Glacier Ivy, Needlepoint Ivy, Sweetheart Ivy, California Ivy
Scientific Name: Hedera helix
Family: Araliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, diarrhea. Foliage is more toxic than berries

Hedera helix

 

Bread and Butter Plant

Common Names: Indian Borage, Spanish Thyme, Coleus, Maratha, Militini, East Indian Thyme
Scientific Name: Coleus ampoinicus
Family: Labiatae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, occasionally bloody diarrhea or vomiting

Coleus ampoinicus

Brunfelsia

Common Names: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, Kiss-Me-Quick, Lady-of-the-Night, Fransiscan Rain Tree
Scientific Name: Brunfelsia
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: Tremors, seizures (for several days), diarrhea, vomiting, hypersalivation, lethargy, incoordination, coughing

Brunfelsia

Buckeye
Additional Common Names: Horse Chestnut
Scientific Name: Aesculus
Family: Hippocastanaceae
Symptoms: Severe vomiting and diarrhea, depression or excitement, dilated pupils, coma, convulsions, wobbly

Aesculus

Buckwheat

Scientific Name: Fagopyrum species
Family: Polygonaceae
Symptoms: Photosensitization (ulcerative and exudative dermatitis)

Polygonaceae

Buddhist Pine

Common Names: Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Southern Yew, Podocarpus
Scientific Name: Podocarpus macrophylla
Family: Podocarpaceae
Symptoms: Severe vomiting and diarrhea

Podocarpus macrophylla

Burning Bush

Common Names: Wahoo, Spindle Tree
Scientific Name: Euonymus atropurpurea
Family: Celastraceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weakness. Heart rhythm abnormalities with large doses

Euonymus atropurpurea

Buttercup

Common Names: Butter Cress, Figwort
Scientific Name: Ranunculus sp.
Family: Ranunculaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, hypersalivation and wobbly gait

Ranunculus

Caladium

Common Names: Malanga, Elephant’s Ears, Stoplight, Seagull, Mother-in-law Plant, Pink Cloud, Texas Wonder, Angel-Wings, Exposition, Candidum, Fancy-leaved Caladium
Scientific Name: Caladium hortulanum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Caladium hortulanum

Calamondin Orange

Scientific Name: Citrus mitis
Family: Rutaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photosensitivity

Citrus mitis

 

Cape Jasmine

Common Names: Gardenia
Scientific Name: Gardenia jasminoides
Family: Rubiaceae
Symptoms: Mild vomiting and/or diarrhea, hives

Gardenia jasminoides

 

Caraway

Common Names: Meridian Fennel, Persian Cumin
Scientific Name: Carum carvi
Family: Umbelliferae
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Carum carvi

Cardboard Palm

Common Names: cycads and zamias
Scientific Name: Zamia furfuracea
Family: Cycadaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, melena, icterus, increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure, death

Zamia furfuracea

Cardinal Flower

Common Names: Lobelia, Indian Pink
Scientific Name: Lobelia cardinalis
Family: Campanulaceae
Symptoms: Depression, diarrhea, vomiting, excessive salivation, abdominal pain, heart rhythm disturbances

Lobelia cardinalis

Carnation

Common Names: Pinks, Wild Carnation, Sweet William
Scientific Name: Dianthus caryophyllus
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Symptoms: Mild gastrointestinal signs, mild dermatitis

Dianthus caryophyllus

Castor Bean Plant

Common Names: Castor Oil Plant, Mole Bean Plant, African Wonder Tree, Castor Bean
Scientific Name: Ricinus communis
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Symptoms: Beans are very toxic: oral irritation, burning of mouth and throat, increase in thirst, vomiting, diarrhea, kidney failure, convulsions. Access to ornamental plants or pruned foliage most common in poisonings. Ricin is a highly toxic component that inhibits protein synthesis; ingestion of as little as one ounce of seeds can be lethal. Signs typically develop 12 to 48 hours after ingestion, and include loss of appetite, excessive thirst, weakness, colic, trembling, sweating, loss of coordination, difficulty breathing, progressive central nervous system depression, and fever. As syndrome progresses, bloody diarrhea may occur, and convulsions and coma can precede death

Ricinus communis

Ceriman

Common Names: Cutleaf Philodendron, Hurricane Plant, Swiss Cheese Plant, Mexican Breadfruit
Scientific Name: Monstera deliciosa
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Monstera deliciosa

Chamomile

Common Names: Manzanilla, Garden Chamomile, Roman Chamomile, True Chamomile, Corn Feverfew, Barnyard Daisy, Ground-apple, Turkey-weed
Scientific Name: Anthemis nobilis
Family: Compositae
Symptoms: Contact dermatitis, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, allergic reactions. Long term use can lead to bleeding tendencies

Anthemis nobilis

Chandelier Plant

Common Names: Mother-In-Law-Plant, Kalanchoe, Devils Backbone, Mother of Millions
Scientific Name: Kalanchoe tubiflora
Family: Crassulaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, abnormal heart rhythm

Kalanchoe tubiflora

Charming Dieffenbachia

Scientific Name: Dieffenbachia amoena
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth , tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Dieffenbachia amoena

Cherry

Scientific Name: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
Symptoms: Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting: brick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, shock

Cherry

Chinese Evergreen

Scientific Name: Aglaonema modestum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Chinese Jade

Common Names: Silver Jade Plant, Silver Dollar
Scientific Name: Crassula arborescens
Family: Crassulaceae
Symptoms: Nausea, retching

Crassula arborescens
Chives

Scientific Name: Allium schoenoprasum
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells, blood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting

Allium schoenoprasum

Christmas Rose

Common Names: Hellebore, Lenten Rose, Easter Rose
Scientific Name: Helleborus niger
Family: Ranunculaceae
Symptoms: Drooling, abdominal pain and diarrhea, colic, depression

Helleborus niger

Chrysanthemum

Common Names: Daisy, Mum; many varieties
Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum spp.
Family: Compositae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, incoordination, dermatitis

Chrysanthemum

Clematis

Common Names: Virgin’s Bower, Leatherflower
Scientific Name: Clematis sp.
Family: Ranunculaceae
Symptoms: Salivation, vomiting, diarrhea

Clematis

 

Climbing Lily

Common Names: Gloriosa Lily, Glory Lily, Superb Lily
Scientific Name: Gloriosa superba
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Salivation, vomiting (sometimes with blood), diarrhea (sometimes with blood), shock, kidney failure, liver damage, bone marrow suppression

Gloriosa superba
Clivia Lily

Common Names: Kaffir Lily, Clivies, Caffre Lily, Cape Clivia, Klivia
Scientific Name: Clivia sp.
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most poisonous part

Clivia

Coffee Tree

Common Names: Wild Coffee, Geranium-Leaf Aralia
Scientific Name: Polyscias guilfoylei
Family: Araliaceae
Symptoms: Contact dermatitis, vomiting

Polyscias guilfoylei

Common Privet

Common Names: Privet, Amur, Wax-leaf
Scientific Name: Ligustrum vulgare
Family: Oleaceae
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal upset , incoordination, increased heart rate, in rare cases death

Ligustrum vulgareCorn Plant

Common Names: Corn Plant, Cornstalk Plant, Dracaena, Dragon Tree, Ribbon Plant
Scientific Name: Dracaena fragrans
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting sometimes with blood, depression, anorexia, hypersalivation

Dracaena fragrans

Cordatum

Common Names: Fiddle-Leaf, Horsehead Philodendron, Heartleaf Philodendron, Panda Plant, Split Leaf Philodendron, Fruit Salad Plant, Red Emerald, Red Princess, Saddle Leaf
Scientific Name: Philodendron oxycardium
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Philodendron oxycardium

Coontie Palm

Common Names: Sago Palm, Cardboard Palm, cycads and zamias
Scientific Name: Zamia pumila
Family: Cycadaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, melena, icterus, increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure, death

Zamia pumila

Cow parsnip

Common Names: Giant Hogweed
Scientific Name: Heracleum maximum
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Photosensitization (ulcerative and exudative dermatitis), ocular toxicity

Heracleum maximum

Cowbane

Common Names: Water Hemlock, Poison Parsnip
Scientific Name: Cicuta
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Diarrhea, seizures, tremors, extreme stomach pain, dilated pupils, fever, bloat, respiratory depression, and death

Cicuta
Cycads

Common Names: Sago Palm, Fern Palm
Scientific Name: Cycas and Zamia
Family: Cycadaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting (may be bloody), dark stools, jaundice, increased thirst, bloody diarrhea, bruising, liver failure, death. 1-2 seeds can be fatal

Cycas

Cyclamen

Common Names: Sowbread
Scientific Name: Cyclamen spp
Family: Primulaceae
Symptoms: Salivation, vomiting, diarrhea. Following large ingestions of tubers: heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, death

Cyclamen

Daffodil

Common Names: Narcissus, Jonquil, Paper White
Scientific Name: Narcissus
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most poisonous part

Narcissus

Dahlia

Common Names: Many varieties
Scientific Name: Dahlia
Family: Compositae
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats
Toxic Principles: Unknown
Symptoms: Mild gastrointestinal signs, mild dermatitis

Dahlia

Desert Azalea

Common Names: Desert Rose, Mock Azalea, Sabi Star, Impala Lily, Kudu Lily
Scientific Name: Adenium obesum
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, irregular heart beat, death

Adenium obesum
Devils Ivy

Common Names: Pothos, Golden Pothos, Taro Vine, Ivy Arum
Scientific Name: Epipremnum aureum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Epipremnum aureum

Dock

Common Names: Sorrel
Scientific Name: Rumex
Family: Polygonaceae
Symptoms: Kidney failure, tremors, salivation

Dog Daisy

Common Names: Dog Fennel
Scientific Name: Achillea millefolium
Family: Compositae
Symptoms: Increased urination, vomiting, diarrhea, dermatitis

English Yew

Common Names: Western Yew, Pacific Yew, Japanese Yew, Anglo-Japanese Yew
Scientific Name: Taxus baccata
Family: Taxaceae
Symptoms: Tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, seizures (dogs), sudden death from acute heart failure

Taxus baccata
Eucalyptus

Common Names: Many cultivars
Scientific Name: Eucalyptus
Family: Myrtaceae
Symptoms: Salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weakness

Eucalyptus

European Bittersweet

Common Names: Climbing Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade
Scientific Name: Solanum dulcamara
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea – common. Drowsiness, low blood pressure, low heart rate – uncommon

Solanum dulcamara

Everlasting Pea

Common Names: Sweet Pea, Perennial Pea
Scientific Name: Lathyrus latifolius
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: Weakness, lethargy, pacing, head pressing, tremors, seizures and possibly death

Lathyrus latifolius

 

 

 

Fig

Common Names: Weeping Fig, Indian Rubber Plant
Scientific Name: Ficus benjamina
Family: Moraceae
Symptoms: Contact with the skin can cause dermatitis, ingestion can cause oral irritation, salivation and vomiting

Ficus benjamina

Fire Lily

Common Names: Amaryllis, Barbados Lily, Lily of the Palace, Ridderstjerne
Scientific Name: Hippeastrum spp.
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most poisonous part

Hippeastrum

Flag

Common Names: Iris, Snake Lily, Water Flag
Scientific Name: Iris species
Family: Iridaceae
Symptoms: Salivation, vomiting, drooling,lethargy, diarrhea. Highest concentration in rhizomes

snake lily

Flamingo Flower

Common Names: Flamingo Lily, Tail Flower, Oilcloth Flower, Pigtail Plant, Painter’s Pallet
Scientific Name: Anthurium scherzerianum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Anthurium scherzerianum

Fleabane

Common Names: Showy Daisy, Horseweed, Seaside Daisy
Scientific Name: Erigeron speciosus
Family: Asteraceae
Symptoms: Mild vomiting, diarrhea

Fleabane

Florida Beauty

Common Names: Gold Dust Dracaena, Spotted Dracaena
Scientific Name: Dracaena surculosa
Family: Cannaceae
Symptoms: In cats: dilated pupils, breathing difficulty, abdominal pain, increased heartrate and drooling. In both cats and dogs: vomiting, depression, inappetence, drooling, incoordination, and weakness

Dracaena

Foxglove

Scientific Name: Digitalis purpurea
Family: Scrophalariaceae
Symptoms: Cardiac arrhythmias, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, cardiac failure, death

Foxglove

Hyacinth

Scientific Name: Hyacinthus orientalis
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, dermatitis and allergic reactions. Bulbs contain highest amount of toxin

Garden Hyacinth
Gladiola

Common Names: Many cultivars
Scientific Name: Gladiolus species
Family: Iridaceae
Symptoms: Salivation, vomiting, drooling,lethargy, diarrhea. Highest concentration in the bulbs

Gladiola

Golden Birds Nest

Common Names: Snake Plant, Mother-in-Law’s Tongue, Good Luck Plant
Scientific Name: Sansevieria trifasciata
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

Sansevieria trifasciata

Grapefruit

Scientific Name: Citrus paradisii
Family: Rutaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photosensitivity

Grass Palm

Common Names: Giant Dracaena, Palm Lily
Scientific Name: Cordyline australis
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting (occasionally with blood)

Cordyline australis

Heartleaf Philodendron

Common Names: Saddle Leaf, Horsehead Philodendron, Cordatum, Fiddle-Leaf, Panda Plant, Red Emerald, Red Princess
Scientific Name: Philodendron bipennifolium
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Philodendron bipennifolium

Heavenly Bamboo

Common Names: Sacred Bamboo, Nandina
Scientific Name: Nandina domestica
Family: Berberidaceae
Symptoms: Weakness, incoordination, seizures, coma, respiratory failure, death

Nandina domestica

Hibiscus

Common Names: Rose of Sharon, Rose of China
Scientific Name: Hibiscus syriacus
Family: Malvaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, anorexia

Hibiscus syriacus

Hops

Scientific Name: Humulus lupulus
Family: Cannabidaceae
Symptoms: Dogs: panting, high body temperature, seizures, death

Humulus lupulus

Hortensia

Common Names: Hydrangea, Hills of Snow, Seven Bark
Scientific Name: Hydrangea arborescens
Family: Hydrangeaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea. Cyanide intoxication is rare – usually produces more of a gastrointestinal disturbance

Hydrangea arborescens
Hosta

Common Names: Plantain Lily, Funkia
Scientific Name: Hosta plataginea
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression


Jack in the Pulpit

Common Names: Three-leaved indian turnip, Devil’s dear, Wake robin, Starch wort, Wild turnip, Dragon root, Bog onion, Pepper turnip, Brown dragon, Memory root
Scientific Name: Arisaema triphyllum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Arisaema triphyllum
Jade Plant

Common Names: Baby Jade, Dwarf rubber plant, Jade tree, Chinese rubber plant, Japanese rubber plant
Scientific Name: Crassula argentea
Family: Crassulaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, depression

Crassula argentea
Jerusalem Cherry

Common Names: Natal cherry, Winter cherry
Scientific Name: Solanum pseudocapsicum
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal disturbances, possible ulceration of the gastrointestinal system, seizures, depression, respiratory depression, and shock

Solanum pseudocapsicum

Klamath Weed

Common Names: St. John’s Wort
Scientific Name: Hypericum perforatum
Family: Clusiaceae
Symptoms: Photosensitization, dermatitis

Hypericum perforatum

Lacy Tree Philodendron

Scientific Name: Philodendron selloum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips, tongue, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing

Philodendron selloum

Laurel

Common Names: Mountain laurel, Spoonwood, Mountain Ivy, Calico Bush, Ivy Bush
Scientific Name: Kalmia latifolia
Family: Ericaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, death. Ingestion of a few leaves can cause serious problems

Kalmia latifolia

Lavender

Common Names: Common Lavender, English Lavender
Scientific Name: Lavendula angustifolia
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting

Lavendula angustifolia

Leek

Common Names: Elephant Garlic
Scientific Name: Allium ampeloprasum
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia, Heinz body anemia), blood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting

Allium ampeloprasum
Lemon Grass

Common Names: Oil Grass
Scientific Name: Cymbopogon citratus
Family: Poaceae
Symptoms: Chronic cystitis, urine leaking, hind leg weakness

Cymbopogon citratus

Lily of the Valley

Scientific Name: Convallaria majalis
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, irregular heart beat, low blood pressure, disorientation, coma, seizures

Convallaria majalis

Lime

Scientific Name: Citrus aurantifolia
Family: Rutaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photosensitivity

Citrus aurantifolia

Lovage

Common Names: Maggi plant, Smellage
Scientific Name: Levisticum officinale
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Diuretic, increased urination

Levisticum officinale

 

Malanga

Common Names: Caladium, Elephant’s Ears
Scientific Name: Colocasia esculenta
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Colocasia esculenta

Maleberry

Common Names: Staggerbush, Fetterbush
Scientific Name: Lyonia
Family: Ericaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, lethargic, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, death. Ingestion of a few leaves can cause serious problems

Lyonia

Marjoram

Common Names: Knotted Marjoram, Pot Marjoram
Scientific Name: Origanum majorana
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Origanum majorana

Mauna Loa Peace Lily

Common Names: Peace Lily
Scientific Name: Spathiphyllum
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Spathiphyllum
Mayweed

Common Names: Poison Daisy, Stinking Chamomile
Scientific Name: Anthemis cotula
Family: Asteraceae
Symptoms: Contact dermatitis, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, allergic reactions. Long term use can lead to bleeding tendencies

Anthemis cotula

Milkweed

Scientific Name: Asclepias species
Family: Asclepiadaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, profound depression, weakness, anorexia, and diarrhea are common; may be followed by seizures, difficulty breathing, rapid, weak pulse, dilated pupils, kidney or liver failure, coma, respiratory paralysis and death

Asclepiadaceae

Mint

Common Names: Garden Mint
Scientific Name: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Mentha

Mistletoe

Common Names: American Mistletoe
Scientific Name: Phoradendron flavescens
Family: Viscaceae
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular collapse, dyspnea, bradycardia, erratic behavior, (hallucinogenic in humans). Vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure

Phoradendron flavescens
Morning Glory

Scientific Name: Ipomoea
Family: Convolvulaceae
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal upset, agitation, tremors, disorientation, ataxia, anorexia. Seeds may cause hallucination, may cause diarrhea

Ipomoea

Nicotiana

Common Names: Tree Tobacco, Tobacco, Mustard Tree
Scientific Name: Nicotiana glauca
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: Hyperexcitability then depression, vomiting, incoordination, paralysis, death is possible

Nicotiana glauca
Oleander

Common Names: Rose-Bay
Scientific Name: Nerium oleander
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: Poisonings can occur from acess to prunings or fallen branches, or ornamentals around horse show areas. All parts contain a highly toxic cardiac glycoside much like digitoxin, and can cause colic, diarrhea (possibly bloody), sweating, incoordination, shallow/difficult breathing, muscle tremors, recumbency, and possibly death from cardiac failure

Nerium oleander
Onion

Scientific Name: Allium cepa
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal upset, hemolytic anemia, vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells, blood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting

Allium cepa
Orange

Scientific Name: Citrus sinensis
Family: Rutaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photosensitivity


Oregano

Common Names: Greek Oregano
Scientific Name: Origanum vulgare hirtum
Family: Lamiaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Oregano
Pacific Yew

Common Names: English Yew, Western Yew, Japanese Yew, Anglo-Japanese Yew
Scientific Name: Taxus brevifolia
Family: Taxaceae
Symptoms: Tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, seizures (dogs), sudden death from acute heart failure

Taxus brevifolia
Parsley

Common Names: Italian Parsley, Hamburg Parsley, Turnip-rooted Parsley
Scientific Name: Petroselinum crispum
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Photosensitization, dermatitis, ocular toxicity

Petroselinum crispum
Peony

Scientific Name: Paeonis officinalis
Family: Paeniaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea

Paeonis officinalis
Periwinkle

Common Names: Running Myrtle. Vinca
Scientific Name: Vinca rosea
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure, depression, tremors, seizures, coma, death

Vinca rosea

Pie Plant

Common Names: Rhubarb
Scientific Name: Rheum rhabarbarum
Family: Polygonaceae
Symptoms: Kidney failure, tremors, salivation

Rheum rhabarbarium

Portulaca

Common Names: Wild Portulaca, Rock Moss, Purslane, Pigwee, Pusley, Moss Rose
Scientific Name: Portulaca oleracea
Family: Portulacaceae
Symptoms: Muscle weakness, depression, diarrhea

Portulaca oleracea

Prayer Bean

Common Names: Rosary Pea, Buddhist rosary bead, Indian Bead, Indian Licorice, Love Bean, Lucky Bean, Seminole Bead, Weather Plant
Scientific Name: Abrus precatorius
Family: Leguminosae
Symptoms: Severe vomiting and diarrhea (sometimes bloody), tremors, high heart rate, fever, shock, death. Seeds are very toxic

Abrus precatorius
Privet

Common Names: amur, wax-leaf, common privet
Scientific Name: Ligustrum japonicum
Family: Oleaceae
Symptoms: Gastrointestinal upset (most common), incoordination, increased heart rate, death

Ligustrum japonicum

Ranger’s Button

Common Names: White Heads
Scientific Name: Sphenosciadium capitellatum
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Photosensitization, ocular toxicity

Sphenosciadium capitellatum

Red Marginated Dracaena

Common Names: straight-marginated dracaena
Scientific Name: Dracaena marginata
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: In cats: dilated pupils, abdominal pain, increased heartrate and drooling. In both cats and dogs: vomiting, depression, inappetence, drooling, incoordination, and weakness

Dracaena marginata
Satin Pothos

Common Names: Silk Pothos
Scientific Name: Scindapsus pictus
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips, tongue, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing

Scindapsus pictus

Scented Geranium

Common Names: Geraniums
Scientific Name: Pelargonium
Family: Geranilea
Symptoms: Nausea, muscle weakness, hypothermia in larger exposures

Skunk Cabbage

Common Names: Skunk Weed, Polecat Weed, Meadow Cabbage, Swamp Cabbage
Scientific Name: Symplocarpus foetidus
Family: Araceae
Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

Symplocarpus foetidus

Spring Parsley

Scientific Name: Cymopterus watsonii
Family: Apiaceae
Symptoms: Photosensitization (ulcerative and exudative dermatitis), ocular toxicity

Cymopterus watsonii

Striped Dracaena

Common Names: warneckii, janet craig plant
Scientific Name: Dracaena deremensis
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: In cats: dilated pupils, abdominal pain, increased heartrate and drooling. In both cats and dogs: vomiting, depression, inappetence, drooling, incoordination, and weakness


Tahitian Bridal Veil

Common Names: Gibasis Geniculata
Scientific Name: tradescantia multiflora
Family: Commelinaceae
Symptoms: Can cause mild gastrointestinal signs and dermatitis

tradescantia multiflora

Tomato Plant

Scientific Name: Lycopersicon
Family: Solanaceae
Symptoms: Hypersalivation, inappetence, severe gastrointestinal upset, diarrhea, drowsiness, confusion, behavioral change, weakness, dilated pupils, slow heart rate

Lycopersicon

Tulip

Scientific Name: Tulipa species
Family: Liliaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, heavy breathing/panting The highest concentration of toxin in bulb

Tulipa

Wahoo

Common Names: Burning Bush, Spindle Tree
Scientific Name: Euonymus occidentalis
Family: Celastraceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weakness. Heart rhythm abnormalities with large doses

Euonymus occidentalis

Wandering Jew

Common Names: Speedy Henry, Variegated Wandering Jew
Scientific Name: Tradescantia flumeninsis
Family: Commelinaceae
Symptoms: Dermatitis

Tradescantia flumeninsis

Water Hyacinth

Scientific Name: Eichhornia crassipes
Family: Pontederiaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting

Wisteria

Common names: Purple Rain
Scientific Name: wisteria species
Family: Fabaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting (sometimes with blood), diarrhea

wisteria

Yellow Oleander

Scientific Name: Thevetia peruviana
Family: Apocynaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, slow heart rate

Thevetia peruviana
Yucca

Scientific Name: Yucca
Family: Agavaceae
Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea , liver disease

Yucca

 

 

MUSHROOMS



They pop up everywhere, in yards, in the woods, in parks, alongside the road. Some dogs, like some people, like to eat them. But you have to be careful cause they can both be a gourmet delicacy . . . and a deadly poison.

Toxic mushrooms are classified into four categories (A, B, C, D), based on the clinical signs and their time of onset, and into seven groups (1-7) on the basis of the toxin they contain. However, because it is sometimes difficult to identify what type of mushroom your dog has consumed, you should always bring the suspected mushroom with you when you take your dog to the veterinarian.

Symptoms vary greatly depending on the type of mushroom that the dog ingested. Category A mushrooms, for example, are the most toxic and cause the destruction of cells, especially liver and kidney cells. Category B and C mushrooms, affect the nervous system, and category D mushrooms cause gastrointestinal irritation. The following are some of the more common symptoms associated with mushroom poisoning:

► Vomiting
► Diarrhea
► Excessive drooling
► Abdominal pain
► Lethargy
► Yellowing of the skin
► Uncoordinated movements
► Seizures
► Coma

The 5 most common Mushrooms that can poison your Dog

 

Autumn Galerina

Scientific Name: Galerina Marginata
Family: Hymenogastraceae
Symptoms: After initial gastrointestinal signs, an animal who has eaten these mushrooms will appear to improve, only to relapse several days later with liver and kidney failure

Galerina Marginata

 

Elf’s Saddle

Scientific Name: Helvella Lacunosa
Family: Helvellaceae
Symptoms: Abdominal distress, severe diarrhea, and vomiting. In severe cases, liver, kidney, and red blood cell damage may occur, possibly resulting in death

Helvella Lacunosa

False Morel

Scientific Name: Gyromitra esculenta
Family: Helvellaceae
Symptoms: If ingested, false morels can cause vomiting, diarrhea and seizures, and can sometimes be fatal

Gyromitra esculenta

Fly Agaric

Scientific Name: Amanita Muscaria
Family: Amanitaceae
Symptoms: Disorientation, drooling, vomiting. These mushrooms are frequently eaten by dogs. They have a fishy odor. The toxins ibotenic acid and muscimol are not lethal to humans but in rare instances can cause death in dogs

Amanita Muscaria
Jeweled Death Cap

Scientific Name: Amanita Gemmata
Family: Amanitaceae
Symptoms: confusion, visual distortion, delusions and convulsions

Amanita Gemmata
Related Blogs
Dangerous Foods
Heatstrokes
CPR
Dog Medication
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s